(Boxer, German Sheepdog, Havanese, Old English Sheepdog)plus
X chromosomal recessive
Berger allemand, Bichon havanais, Boxer, Chien de berger anglais ancestral
HeredityHaemophilia A is an inherited disorders of haemostasis. The clinical signs include haematomas of large sizes, bleeding of the nose, skin, muscles and joints. If the disease is severe and no precautions are taken, affected dogs can bleed to death after surgery or injuries.
Taqman SNP assay (German Shepherd); FLP (Havanese); sequencing (Boxer, Old English Sheepdog)